By Lael Brainard, Derek Chollet
In an international the place obstacles and borders are blurred and probably far-off threats can metastasize speedy, the conflict opposed to worldwide poverty has turn into a struggle of necessity--not just because morality calls for it, yet simply because worldwide defense does in addition. simply as poverty begets lack of confidence, the opposite can be real. Too bad for Peace? explores this destructive trend of mutual reinforcement in its many alternative elements, bringing the most recent classes and highbrow framework to undergo within the look for autos to enhance either monetary stipulations and actual defense. individuals: Colin E. Kahl (Georgetown University), Vinca los angeles Fleur (Vinca l. a. Fleur Communications), Edward Miguel (University of California, Berkeley), Jane Nelson (John F. Kennedy tuition of presidency, Harvard), Anthony Nyong (International improvement learn Centre, Nairobi), Susan E. Rice (Brookings), Robert I. Rotberg (John F. Kennedy tuition of presidency, Harvard and global Peace Foundation), Marc Sommers (Tufts collage and Boston University), Henrik Urdal (International Peace examine Institute, Oslo), and Jennifer L. Windsor (Freedom House).
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Additional resources for Too Poor for Peace?: Global Poverty, Conflict, and Security in the 21st Century
As Robert Annibale, the global director of Citigroup Microfinance, explains, “We’ve transformed the way we think about civil society. We recognize now that civil society includes our clients, our customers, our employees. ” The third level of engagement is for organizations to participate in the broader public policy dialogue—tackling corruption, strengthening institutions, and fortifying government frameworks. Often, these are areas where collective action is especially effective; for example, business-led groups have supported efforts from strengthening the criminal justice system in South Africa to promoting the peace and reconciliation processes in Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Guatemala.
Like several poor, weak states with large Muslim populations (for example, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Somalia, and Nigeria), Mali’s government lacks the resources and institutional capacity to provide adequately for its citizens. Large numbers do not have enough to eat or have access to potable water, basic medical care, or educational opportunities for their children. In Mali, as elsewhere, the social services gap is being filled by outsiders, often Wahhabist charities and mosques funded from the Gulf States.
Paul Collier, “The Market for Civil War,” Foreign Policy, May/June 2003, 38. 11. Edward Miguel, Shanker Satyanath, and Ernest Sergenti, “Economic Shocks and Civil Conflict: An Instrumental Variables Approach,” Journal of Political Economy 112, no. 4 (2004): 725–53. 12. Susan Rice, “The Threat of Global Poverty,” National Interest, Spring 2006, 76. 13. “The Global Menace of Local Strife,” Economist, May 24, 2003, 23. 14. Jason J. Morrissette and Douglas A. Borer, “Where Oil and Water Do Mix: Environmental Scarcity and Future Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa,” Parameters, Winter 2004–5, 86–101; the citation here is on p.