The Evolution of Cognition (Vienna Series in Theoretical by Cecilia Heyes, Ludwig Huber

By Cecilia Heyes, Ludwig Huber

Within the final decade, "evolutionary psychology" has come to refer solely to investigate on human mentality and behaviour, prompted through a nativist interpretation of the way evolution operates. This e-book encompasses the habit and mentality of nonhuman in addition to human animals and a whole variety of evolutionary techniques. instead of a suite by way of and for the like-minded, it's a debate approximately how evolutionary approaches have formed cognition.The debate is split into 5 sections: Orientations, at the phylogenetic, ecological, and psychological/comparative techniques to the evolution of cognition; Categorization, on how quite a few animals parse their environments, how they signify items and occasions and the kin between them; Causality, on even if and in what methods nonhuman animals symbolize reason and impression relationships; realization, on no matter if it makes experience to speak about the evolution of recognition and no matter if the phenomenon will be investigated empirically in nonhuman animals; and tradition, at the cognitive specifications for nongenetic transmission of knowledge and the evolutionary results of such cultural exchange.Contributors : Bernard Balleine, Patrick Bateson, Michael J. Beran, M. E. Bitterman, Robert Boyd, Nicola Clayton, Juan Delius, Anthony Dickinson, Robin Dunbar, D. P. Griffiths, Bernd Heinrich, Cecilia Heyes, William A. Hillix, Ludwig Huber, Nicholas Humphrey, Masako Jitsumori, Louis Lefebvre, Nicholas waterproof coat, Euan M. Macphail, Peter Richerson, Duane M. Rumbaugh, Sara Shettleworth, Martina Siemann, Kim Sterelny, Michael Tomasello, Laura Weiser, Alexandra Wells, Carolyn Wilczynski, David Sloan Wilson.

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In: Development and evolution of behavior: Essays in honor of TC Schneirla (Aronson LR, Tobach E, Lehrman DS, Rosenblatt JS, ed), pp 53-74. San Francisco: Freeman. Byrne RW (1994) The evolution of intelligence. In: Behaviour and evolution (Slater PJB, Halliday TR, ed), pp 223-264. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Campbell DT (1974) Evolutionary epistemology. In: The philosophy of Karl R. Popper (Schlipp PA, ed), pp 413-463. LaSalle, IL: Open Court. Darwin C (1871) The descent of man and selection in relation to sex.

Harvey PH, Pagel MD (1991) The comparative method in evolutionary biology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hawkins RD, Kandel ER (1984) Is there a cell-biological alphabet for simple forms of learning? Psychological Review, 91: 375-391. Hennessey TM, Rucker WB, McDiarmid CG (1979) Classical conditioning in paramecia. Animal Learning and Behavior, 7: 417-423. Hodos W (1970) Evolutionary interpretation of neural and behavioral studies of living vertebrates. In: The neurosciences (Schmidt FO, ed), pp 26-39.

Homeostasis, or the feedback cycle, is the most basic means by which an organism maintains equilibrium. Together with the equally basic function of irritability, it allows mobile organisms to track beneficial conditions. The amoeboid, kinetic, phobic, and taxis responses are all examples of this principle. Furthermore, innate releasing mechanisms, fixed motor patterns, and appetitive behaviors are examples of even more complex systems that exploit short-term information. Adaptive Modifications of Behavior (Excluding Conditioning by Reinforcement) The fundamental difference between the mechanisms lies in their potential to modify the sensory or neuronal "machinery" of the animal, but only in a manner that improves their survival value.

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