By Jane Holder, Donald McGillivray
This edited assortment analyzes the ideal stability among conservation and improvement and where for participation and well known protest in environmental evaluate. studying the connection among legislation, environmental governance and the law of decision-making, this quantity takes a reflective and contextual procedure, utilizing wide variety of theories, to discover the most important positive aspects of recent environmental evaluation. This choice of paintings from specialists within the sector within the US and Europe presents an in depth therapy of key concerns in environmental evaluation, encouraging an appreciation of the place environmental review has come from and the way it could actually improve sooner or later. A 'stocktaking' workout, this quantity features a extensive diversity of issues, timescales and felony and coverage contexts. person chapters comprise discussions on: the improvement of EIA within the usa and Europe the interrelation of environmental evaluate with different regulatory regimes (water security, environmental justice tasks, the ecu spatial approach) the customers for the digitalization of the environmental evaluate procedure the improvement and use of environmental effect evaluation by means of the ecu fee, the UN/ECE and NGOs. taking a look at the roots and present country of environmental evaluate within the US and Europe and giving the reader a superb experience of the political, clinical and technological settings within which environmental overview has constructed, this ebook seriously examines the dilemmas the legislation has stumbled on itself in because the law of environmental evaluate.
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Extra resources for Taking Stock of Environmental Assessment: Law, Policy and Practice
27 J Treweek, Ecological Impact Assessment (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999), xi. 28 British Medical Association, Health and Environmental Impact Assessment: An Integrated Approach (London: Earthscan, 1998). 32 Despite initial enthusiasm for, and promotion of, these impact assessment types their impetus has not always been sustained and their general acceptance into mainstream practice, either as a separate entity or in an integrated form, is not universal. This is mainly due to lack both of specific regulatory requirements and of clarity regarding their inclusion within the coverage of current EIA or SEA procedures.
While modifications to the project design were made prior to the formal application and/or during the formal EIA process in nearly every case reported, these were mostly minor and designed to mitigate the worst effects of development, the need for which was seldom questioned on environmental grounds. None of the systems examined was judged to have made adequate use of EIA findings during the decision-making process. This suggests that more could be done to improve the quality of the information that EIA produces but also perhaps that decision makers do not consistently give appropriate weight to environmental issues when balancing the advantages and disadvantages of a proposal.
36 Carys Jones et al If EIA remains wedded to rationalism, it is perhaps unsurprising that its record in influencing decisions is poor. However, EIA does not completely fail to engage with other understandings of decision-making. 80 For instance, from an institutionalist perspective, EIA could be seen as a means of bringing about change in the values, rules, and priorities that govern the institutions responsible for planning decisions. Rather than being a key factor in individual planning decisions, EIA may be having a gradual transformative effect on decision-making authorities through their experience of dealing with applications for EIA development, from which environmental learning ensues.