Sublexical Representations in Visual Word Recognition: by M. Carreiras

By M. Carreiras

This particular factor samples the cutting-edge in examine that makes an attempt to explain the practical devices that interfere among low-level perceptual methods and entry to whole-word representations in long term reminiscence in the course of visible note acceptance. the several articles during this particular factor disguise a variety of applicants for such processing devices, outlined when it comes to orthographic, phonological, or morphological details. the obvious candidate when it comes to orthographic info is the person letter. One article examines the way a word's part letters are mixed within the right order in the course of early orthographic processing. At a touch better point of illustration, numerous articles offer a spotlight at the position of syllabic representations within the processing of polysyllabic phrases, and look at the level to which such syllabic representations are orthographic or phonological in nature. One article offers facts about the position of interfixes within the processing of compound phrases, hence addressing the problem of ways morphological representations exert their effect at the be aware reputation approach. Altogether, the papers integrated during this precise factor record a sequence of tough findings that can not be neglected by way of present computational types of visible note. proof is equipped in favour of extra versatile orthographic coding schemes which are mostly utilized in types of visible notice acceptance. The syllabic results which are pronounced demand a syllabic point of illustration that's absent within the overwhelming majority of computational versions, and the results of paradigmatic analogy in processing morphologically advanced phrases might be useful restrict the prospective methods of representing morphological info within the visible be aware popularity method.

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Additional info for Sublexical Representations in Visual Word Recognition: Special Issue of Language and Cognitive Processes (Language and Cognitive Processes 2004)

Example text

This is not the case in German where one syllable in the extreme case can be up to 10 letters long (as in the word SCHRUMPFST, meaning ‘you shrink’). Moreover, there are about three times more syllables in German than in Spanish and less than 30% of the approximately 6000 German syllables belong to the CV or CVC class. Thus, a hypothetical mental syllabary in German would be both bigger and less consistent than its Spanish counterpart. Third, German linguists still debate about the clarity of syllabic boundaries, given that written and spoken syllables are often not identical.

There is, however, some evidence for a positional bias in the results for 7-letter words. The substitution primes involving the two last letters of target words produced a 16 ms facilitation relative to the unrelated prime condition. Although somewhat smaller than the 31 ms effect reported by Perea and Lupker (2003), it is in the same direction. This result lends some support to Perea and Lupker’s argument that, when compared with orthographic control primes (with two adjacent letters substituted), then transposition priming effects may be stronger when the transposition involves two inner letters compared with when it involves the two last letters.

The substitution primes involving the two last letters of target words produced a 16 ms facilitation relative to the unrelated prime condition. Although somewhat smaller than the 31 ms effect reported by Perea and Lupker (2003), it is in the same direction. This result lends some support to Perea and Lupker’s argument that, when compared with orthographic control primes (with two adjacent letters substituted), then transposition priming effects may be stronger when the transposition involves two inner letters compared with when it involves the two last letters.

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