By Tomas Jimenez
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In contrast to the wave of immigration that got here via Ellis Island after which subsided, immigration to the us from Mexico has been nearly uninterrupted for 100 years. during this vividly specified publication, Tomás R. Jiménez takes us into the lives of later-generation descendents of Mexican immigrants, soliciting for the 1st time how this consistent inflow of immigrants from their ethnic native land has formed their assimilation.
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Extra info for Replenished Ethnicity: Mexican Americans, Immigration, and Identity
Movement between the two countries was local and largely within communities located near the new border that ostensibly cut through them. But as the twentieth century dawned, political and economic changes in Mexico and the United States activated Mexican migration. In Mexico, President Porfirio Díaz’s liberal economic policies helped a few wealthy landowning hacendados to accumulate massive swaths of the land, leaving the country’s rural farming campesinos unable to eke out a living. As Mexico’s population grew, the working-age population competed for few jobs, wages were depressingly low, and the Díaz regime made matters worse by enacting policies that continued to help hacendados at the expense of campesinos (Cardoso 1980).
S. racial and ethnic landscape. S. mainstream. But Mexican Americans have experienced far too much assimilation to be regarded as such. S. 13 But Mexican ethnicity remains much too highly salient for such a conclusion to be entirely valid. Neither of these characterizations fully describes the Mexican-origin population. Instead, the Mexicanorigin population is best described as a permanent immigrant group that, because of ongoing immigration, perpetually deals with the turbulent process of assimilation.
Not all Mexican-American organizations adopted these distancing strategies, however. indd 38 8/27/2009 10:42:50 AM A History of Replenishment 39 (Gutiérrez 1995: chapter 3). S. society. Events in the ensuing decade made the Mexican-origin population simultaneously more American and more foreign. I. Generation”: 1942–1960 In the early 1940s, the United States was enmeshed in yet another war. S. service members fought overseas. The shortage of workers was especially pronounced in agriculture. ” Under the agreement, American growers could apply for a specified number of workers for a period of time, and employers had the exclusive use of the contracted labor (Calavita 1992).