By Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
For a lot of the 20th century, philosophy and technology went their separate methods. In ethical philosophy, worry of the so-called naturalistic fallacy saved ethical philosophers from incorporating advancements in biology and psychology. given that the Nineties, although, many philosophers have drawn on contemporary advances in cognitive psychology, mind technological know-how, and evolutionary psychology to notify their paintings. This collaborative development is principally powerful in ethical philosophy, and those 3 volumes compile the most cutting edge paintings via either philosophers and psychologists during this rising interdisciplinary box. The members to quantity 2 speak about contemporary empirical study that makes use of the varied equipment of cognitive technological know-how to enquire ethical judgments, feelings, and activities. every one bankruptcy comprises an essay, reviews at the essay by means of different students, and a answer by way of the author(s) of the unique essay. issues comprise ethical intuitions as a type of quick and frugal heuristics, framing results in ethical judgments, an analogy among Chomsky's common grammar and ethical rules, the function of feelings in ethical ideals, ethical disagreements, the semantics of ethical language, and ethical responsibility.Walter Sinnott-Armstrong is Professor of Philosophy and Hardy Professor of criminal stories at Dartmouth College.ContributorsFredrik Bjorklund, James Blair, Paul Bloomfield, Fiery Cushman, Justin D'Arms, John Deigh, John Doris, Julia motive force, Ben Fraser, Gerd Gigerenzer, Michael Gill, Jonathan Haidt, Marc Hauser, Daniel Jacobson, Joshua Knobe, Brian Leiter, Don Loeb, Ron Mallon, Darcia Narvaez, Shaun Nichols, Alexandra Plakias, Jesse Prinz, Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, Russ Shafer-Landau, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Cass Sunstein, William Tolhurst, Liane younger
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Additional resources for Moral Psychology, Volume 2: The Cognitive Science of Morality: Intuition and Diversity (Bradford Books)
Third, are magistrates aware of what underlies their judgments? When asked to explain their decisions, their stories were strikingly different. A typical answer was that they thoroughly examined all the evidence on a defendant in order to treat the individual fairly and without bias, and that they based their decision on the full evidence. For instance, one explained that the decision “depends on an enormous weight of balancing information, together with our experience and training” (Dhami & Ayton, 2001, p.
The second error occurs when a suspect who would not have committed any of these offenses is imprisoned. However, as mentioned before, English legal institutions collect no systematic information about the quality of magistrates’ decisions. Even if statistics were kept about when and how often the ﬁrst error occurs, it would be impossible to do the same for the second error, simply because one cannot ﬁnd out whether an imprisoned person would have committed a crime if he or she had been bailed.
Professor Driver, in Uneasy Virtue (2001), argued that moral virtue is like this. What makes a trait a moral virtue has nothing to do with the internal psychological states of the agent; rather it has to do with externalities such as what consequences are typically produced by the trait. Indeed, virtuous agents can be unaware of their true reasons for action, the considerations that are actually moving them to perform their good deeds. It may be that morally virtuous persons are those who are sensitive to the reasons that would justify one heuristic over another in a certain situation and so are responsive to the right heuristics.