By Johan Galtung, Dietrich Fischer
This is the 1st ever anthology of key articles via Johan Galtung, greatly considered as the founding father of the tutorial self-discipline of peace experiences. It covers such innovations as direct, structural and cultural violence; theories of clash, improvement, civilization and peace; peaceable clash transformation; peace schooling; mediation; reconciliation; a life-sustaining economic climate; macro-history; deep tradition and deep constitution; and social technology technique. Galtung has contributed unique examine, innovations and theories to greater than 20 social technological know-how disciplines, together with sociology, diplomacy and destiny reports, and has additionally utilized his new insights in perform. The booklet is a useful source for researchers and practitioners, and will function a supplemental textbook for graduate and top undergraduate classes in peace reports and comparable fields.
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Extra info for Johan Galtung: Pioneer of Peace Research
TRANSCEND University Press (forthcoming), Kolofon Kemp A (1985) Image of the peace field: an international survey. J Peace Res 22(2): 129–140 Köhler G, Alcock N (1976) An empirical table of structural violence. Journal of Peace Res 12(4): 343–356 Zimmerman C, Leitenberg M (1979) Hiroshima lives on. Mazingira, vol 9. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi Author Biography Prof. Dr. Dietrich Fischer is Director, TRANSCEND University Press. From 2009–2012 he was Academic Director of the World Peace Academy, Basel.
Focusing on visible and invisible effects of direct violence in six ‘spaces’. It is telling evidence of the materialism of our culture that usually only the first column is considered and the second column not. The military headquarter body counts in terms of numbers killed and wounded (only recently the numbers raped and displaced are sometimes included) is a caricature of reality. 2 Visible and invisible effects of violence. Source The author Space Material, visible effects Nonmaterial, invisible effects NATURE Depletion and pollution; damage to diversity and symbiosis Somatic effects: numbers killed numbers wounded numbers raped numbers displaced The material damage to buildings, infrastructure The material damage to infra-structure Less respect for non-human nature, reinforcing ‘‘man over nature’’ HUMANS Spiritual effects: bereavement traumas, hatred revenge addiction victory addiction SOCIETY The structural damage the cultural damage WORLD The structural damage the cultural damage TIME Delayed violence; land-mines transmitted Structure transfer culture transfer; kairos violence; genetic points of trauma and glory CULTURE Irreversible damage to human cultural Violence culture of trauma, glory; heritage deterioration of conflict-resolving capacity The case is reminiscent of mainstream economic analysis with its focus on only material factors (nature/land, labour, capital) and their effect in producing and commercializing goods and services, adding it up as net and gross national products; but neglecting the enormous costs of ‘‘modernization’’ on nature, the human spirit, structure and culture in general.
Toxic pollution and the stress induced by the social environment play a major role at the end of long and very ramified causal chains and cycles. Add to this the world No. 1 morbidity: unipolar depression (bipolar is No. 4). Clearly Nature has us programmed to die sooner or later. But an avoidable ‘sooner’ may have causes that are structural rather than natural. And most human beings prefer ‘later’, even much later. And the limits of the avoidable are pushed outward all the time. A violent structure does not only leave marks on the human body but also on the mind and the spirit.