Guidelines for cloud seeding to augment precipitation by Keyes, Conrad G

By Keyes, Conrad G

Guidance for Cloud Seeding to reinforce Precipitation, moment version, presents functional info of what's concerned with utilizing the cloud seeding know-how. This handbook of perform accommodates pertinent history at the technology and perform of climate amendment via cloud seeding to reinforce precipitation. The sections of this guide comprise the societal, environmental, and monetary elements of precipitation enhancement through cloud seeding, criminal features linked to climate amendment operations, medical foundation, cloud seeding modes, and instrumentation and standing of precipitation enhancement expertise. additionally integrated is an govt precis, which offers with the advanced concerns that come up with the advance and alertness of the cloud seeding expertise. it truly is meant to supply water assets managers and others with the knowledge and references wanted for selection making in regards to the use of cloud seeding to enhance on hand water provides

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The SEP therefore did not consider the effects of an operational seeding project of unlimited duration and seeding intensity. Also, statistical proof is often lacking in the results of the ecology projects. , precipitation amount and timing) and biotic and abiotic responses. , both record low (462 mm) and high (1704 mm) total annual snowfalls that were recorded at a monitoring station in the central Sierra Nevada occurred within the 6-year duration of the SCPP]. The signal is even more embedded in variations induced by longer-term climatic change.

1983). Five objectives were specified: 1. Measure dollar values of direct benefits to farmers and ranchers of added growing season rainfall. 2. Determine enterprise adjustments needed on the farm and ranch to respond most profitably to increased rainfall. 3. Measure the total added direct benefits to the four farming areas and the state. 4. Examine the broader enterprise shifts within farming areas due to added growing season rainfall. 5. Measure the total impact of added growing season rainfall on the economy of the state.

Watering is quantified and timed to the historical rain-day precipitation records for wet, dry, and average summers, and water is added to simulate modification. Initial results indicated that rainfall increases of 10% to 40% in Illinois increase corn and soybean yields by 4% to 20% if natural rainfall is below or near average (Changnon and Hollinger, 1988). 5 cm of rainfall added during a hot, dry summer, yields increased 10 bushels per acre for corn and 4 bushels per acre for soybeans. In a summer of average rain, increases are less, about 5 bushels per acre for corn and 3 bushels per acre for soybeans.

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