By Beate Hampe, Joseph E. Grady
The 1987 landmark courses via G. Lakoff and M. Johnson made photograph schema one of many cornerstone ideas of the rising experientialist paradigm of Cognitive Linguistics, a framework based upon the rejection of the mind-body dichotomy and stressing.
content material: The philosophical importance of photograph schemas / Mark Johnson --
snapshot schemas and conception: refining a definition / Joseph E. Grady --
picture schemas : from linguistic research to neural grounding / Ellen evade and George Lakoff --
picture schema paradoxes : implications for cognitive semantics / Timothy C. Clausner --
The mental prestige of photograph schemas / Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr --
photograph schemas and the transition to verbal proposal / Jean M. Mandler --
photograph schemata within the mind / Tim Rohrer --
the elemental procedure of spatial schemas in language / Leonard Talmy --
Multimodal spatial illustration : at the semantic cohesion of over / Paul Deane --
tradition regained : positioned and compound snapshot schemas / Michael Kimmel --
Whats in a schema? physically mimesis and the grounding of language / Jordan Zlatev --
snapshot schemas vs. advanced primitives in cross-cultural spatial cognition / Margarita Correa-Beningfield ... [et al.] --
Dynamic styles of containment / Robert Dewell --
photo schemas and verbal synaesthesia / Yanna Popova --
photograph schemas and gesture / Alan Cienki --
Force-dynamic dimensions of rhetorical impression / Todd Oakley.
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Additional resources for From perception to meaning : image schemas in cognitive linguistics
I am not claiming that an image schema analysis is sufficient to tell the whole story of human reasoning. A complete account would include the role of emotions, qualities, social interaction, speech-act conditions, and patterns of inquiry. However, the structural aspects of concepts and inference would appear to be primarily a matter of image schema logic. 5. See Dodge and Lakoff (this volume) for a theory of the neural basis of image schemas. The philosophical significance of image schemas 25 action of adding objects to a collection and between subtraction and taking objects away from a collection.
In this chapter I consider two particular parameters that separate one definition from another, in the hope that the discussion helps move our collective understanding forward ü even if the resulting proposals bring the term back towards its earliest intended meaning. 2. How schematic are image schemas? It is universally agreed that image schemas are mental patterns associated with broad classes of concepts or experiences. A mental image of a particular beach would not fit anyoneýs understanding of image schemas, since it is both too specific and too rich in detail to be considered a schema.
4 From a neural perspective, this means that certain connections to sensory-motor areas are inhibited, while the image-schematic structure remains activated and is appropriated for abstract thinking. According to this view, we do not have two kinds of logic, one for spatialbodily concepts and a wholly different one for abstract concepts. There is no disembodied logic at all. 5 Excellent examples of this use of image-schematic structure in abstract reasoning come from mathematics. In Where Mathematics Comes From: How the Embodied Mind Brings Mathematics Into Being, George Lakoff and Rafael Nunez (2000) provide detailed analyses of scores of image schemas operating within conceptual metaphors that define the basic concepts and operations across a broad range of mathematical fields.