Family and Gender in the Pacific: Domestic Contradictions by Margaret Jolly, Martha Macintyre

By Margaret Jolly, Martha Macintyre

The mixed forces of venture evangelism and colonial intervention have remodeled the typical relations lifetime of Pacific peoples. The dramatic alterations that affected the political and fiscal autonomy of indigenous humans within the zone additionally had major results on household existence. This booklet, initially released in 1989, examines the ways that this occurred. utilizing the insights of heritage and anthropology, chapters disguise a variety of geographical diversity, extending from Hawaii to Australia. The authors study alterations in medication and health and wellbeing, spiritual ideals, structure and payment, and the restructuring of the household realm. The ebook increases problems with obstacle to a variety of pursuits: the peoples and background of the Pacific, the wider questions of colonialism and missionary endeavour, and the altering constitution of the kin.

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Gave her a needle and remonstrated with the chief who did not take her advice in good spirit (M. Ives to aunt, 2 l January 1 8 3 8 ) . If a chief detained a Hawaiian in some place distant from his home and family, wrote Sarah Lyman, the man did not even express a wish to return, even if he was detained six months or a year. · Such veneration they still have for chiefs ' (Lyman, Journal, 4 January 1 8 3 5 ). For women to be dutiful wives. continuity in cohabitation and regularity in material subsistence was essential.

When a religious revival which swept . MI SSIONARY WIVES AND HAWAIIAN WOMEN 29 the largest island and rapidly increased church membership (as opposed to mere attendance), many mission women were unmoved by the local missionaries' elation. ' We tremble. yet know not what to say, nor scarcely what to think ', Sybil Bingham told a mission friend, musing on the ' fickleness ' of the Hawaiian character (S. Bingham to N. Ruggles, I h August r 8 � 8 ). The essential thrust of the American women's strategy was to substitute piety for the sexuality which seemed to be the dominant drive in Hawaiian women's activities.

Gulick, April [ 1 8 34]). It was the kinship network, the ' relations '. that many missionaries realised was the stumbling block to much submissive wifely behaviour. Their own culture upheld dutiful deference of young unmarried daughters to the authority of parents. Hawaiian women, however, sustained links with their family of origin which superseded their ties with their husbands throughout their lives. Their roles as sisters, daughters, nieces took precedence over the marriage bond and represented the reference point for status.

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