European Portugal: The Difficult Road to Sustainable by J. Magone

By J. Magone

This ebook analyses the Europeanization of the Portuguese political process within the context of globalization and the so-called 3rd Wave of Democratization. It pursues the thesis that democratization and Europeanization are intertwined tactics when it comes to Portugal. Inte gration into the eu Union has replaced significantly the rationalities in the political buildings of the Portuguese political approach. additionally, the writer stresses the need to inspire larger political participation of the inhabitants and to conform in the direction of a undertaking of sustainable democracy.

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In the case of Portugal the transition from an authoritarian political regime to democracy was accompanied by many problems of adjustment. The complete collapse of the authoritarian regime left an institutional vacuum that was first filled by revolutionary institutions in 1974-5 and only afterwards replaced by democratic representative ones. This structural change had to be followed by the development of a democratic cultural code inside the institutions. This was made possible by the gradual consolidation and institutionalisation of democracy in Portugal.

Such changes will require stronger, more proactive participation by the people. Furthermore the programme wants to contribute to a more united world based on the findings of the Brundtland Report. The EU member states have been asked to include environmental education in their national curricula until the year 2000 (Commission of the European Communities, 1992), and it has become a general trend across all member states and in the new democracies of Eastern and Central Europe. 8 2 The Portuguese Political System: From Democratic Transition to Europeanisation THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DEMOCRATISATION IN PORTUGAL In eighteenth-century France, before the revolution of 1789, market women used to shout 'Portugal' when selling oranges (Braudel, 1979, pp.

In its first days the new junta announced a programme based on three main aims: decolonisation, democratisation and development. This MFA programme was quite moderate and was intended to become more radical during the revolutionary process (Prac,a et al, 1974, pp. 184-5). The first provisional government was not formed until 15 May. A law professor, Adelino de Palma Carlos, was appointed prime minister. All the major political groups were incorporated into the government and even the Communist Party was represented by a minister.

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