By Tadeusz Kuczynski, Ulrich Dammgen, Jim Webb, Andrzej Myczko
The time while agricultural creation actions have been thought of impartial to the surroundings has certainly handed. For final 25 years there was starting to be medical facts at the in all likelihood deteriorating impact of ammonia published within the technique of agricultural creation at the surroundings. within the final 15 years extra concentration has been given to environmental and healthiness influence of dirt and VOC's generated through farming actions. basically very lately is the contribution of agricultural construction GHG's to worldwide warming acknowledged. within the ebook a number of the features of agricultural emissions are mentioned. Its first half refers mostly to introductory, theoretical, and methodological concerns. the second one half offers the latest info on nationwide emissions, quite those of Nitrogen species in chosen person eu nations and the projections in their emission for all Europe. The 3rd half which bargains solely with ammonia brings accomplished survey of its emission abatement potentials, the price of applicable activities and the problems of their functional implementation. It additionally considers the aptitude unwanted effects of ammonia emission abatement measures
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Extra resources for Emissions From European Agriculture
In the EU, GHG emissions per GDP decreased by 21% from 684 t CO2-equivalent per million Euro (M€) in 1990 to 538 t CO2-eq. in 2001. GHG emissions per GDP decreased between 1990 and 2001 in all Member States with the exception of Portugal (EEA, 2004a). In 2002, the highest GDP emissions had Estonia, Bulgaria and Poland with over 1000 t CO2-equivalent per million dollars (M$) and the lowest GDP emissions 8 Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) are currency conversion rates that both convert to a common currency and equalise the purchasing power of different currencies.
O. S. ), Exchange of Trace Gases between Terrestrial Ecosystems and the Atmosphere, Life Science Research Report 47, John Wiley and Sons, Chicester, 7-21. M. and H. Montsma, 1991. Field Research into the Ammonia Emission from Animal Housing Systems; Tying Stall for Dairy Cattle. Report 91-1002. Agricultural Research Department, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 14 p. (in Dutch). , 1993. Animal waste management and emission of ammonia from Livestock housing systems. In Livestock and Environment IV , Collins, E.
Increases were seen only for Spain (14%) and Ireland (4%), which simultaneously showed the highest decrease in the significance of agriculture, as described above. 6 Tg CO2-equivalent for the two groups of countries, respectively). 3 Tg CO2-equivalent each). Emissions from European agriculture 43 140% 120% 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 Spain 114% Ireland 104% Italy 98% Norway 96% France 93% Portugal 93% Sweden 92% Belgium 90% Switzerland 89% Austria 88% United Kingdom 87% Netherlands 86% Slovenia 81% Germany 80% Poland 79% Denmark 79% Finland 74% Croatia 68% Czech Republic 59% Hungary 59% Romania 42% Lithuania 42% Bulgaria 35% Latvia 31% Estonia 29% Figure 6.