By Munther J. Haddadin
The Jordan River has attracted the eye of individuals worldwide. The natives name it "the Shari'a," or the Code [of God.] The spiritual significance of the river is understood to mankind. tourists and explorers sailed down its direction from north to south. All have famous that its waters are turbulent, its course windy, and its meandering path steep. outdated civilizations flourished within the Jordan River basin. The territories surrounding it have been identified to were governed by means of an analogous political authority for hundreds of years. Riparian States got here to exist in its basin merely after the 1st global struggle, while Britain and France shared the spoils of the eclipsed Ottoman Empire. Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Palestine have been created as separate political entities and have become riparian events at the Jordan. Palestine grew to become the objective of the Zionist move for the institution of a countrywide domestic for the Jews. They have been supported by way of Britain, who issued the Balfour announcement in 1917 pledging help for his or her aim. The Jewish country, Israel, was once tested partially of Palestine in 1948, and have become one other riparian social gathering at the Jordan River.
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Extra info for Diplomacy on the Jordan: International Conflict and Negotiated Resolution
The Concession Agreement was ratified by the Foreign Minister of Britain and by the High Commissioner of Palestine in the same year (1921). The Prime Minister of Jordan, Hasan Khalid Abu al Huda signed an agreement with the Palestine Electric Company on 5 March 1927, and his government approved the concession on 8 January 1928,z° 21. Under that 16 P. Rutenburg, "Water Resources of Palestine, I. Jordan Valley, Preliminary Project", a Confidential Report issued in Jerusalem, dated June 1920, bilingual (English and Hebrew), pp.
The Plan should be looked upon in the context of the conflict between the Arab states and Israel, and the non-recognition by the Arabs of Israel's claims to land or water. 8. Unilateral Implementation of the Plans Jordan and Israel were quick to have their plans prepared for the development of water resources of the Basin. Jordan's efforts to implement the Bunger (Maqarin) Plan were aborted by withdrawal of financial support soon after their take-off because ofIsraeli announcements to close off the dam on the Jordan River, and because of her protests to the United States and the United Nations.
The Armistice Agreement concluded between Syria and Israel in July of 1949 produced an "Armistice Line" separating the Israeli and Syrian forces. 8). Israel had a frontage of about 7 kilometers on the Yarmouk, before the river joins the Jordan River at Baqura. 9), 2600 hectars in area, has frontage and water rights on the water bodies that adjoin it, namely, the Yarmouk, the Jordan and Lake Tiberias. The United Nations Relief and Work Agency for Palestinian Refugees, UNRWA, established in 1949, moved in 1951 to aid the Jordanian Government in surveys for the "Bunger" dam on the Yarmouk at Maqarin.