Covert Conditioning by Dennis Upper and Joseph R. Cautela (Eds.)

By Dennis Upper and Joseph R. Cautela (Eds.)

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J. The application of anticipatory avoidance learning to the treatment of homosexuality. I. Theory, technique and preliminary results. Behavior Research and Therapy, 1965, 2, 165-183. Freund, K. A laboratory method for diagnosing predominance of homo- or heteroerotic interest in the male. Behavior Research and Therapy, 1963, 1, 85-93. Jacobson, E. Progressive relaxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1938. James, B. A case of homosexuality treated by aversion therapy. British Medical Journal, 1962, 1, 768-770.

Everybody is looking at you with shocked expressions. You turn away from the food and immediately start to feel better. You run out of the room, and as you run out, you feel better and better. You wash and clean yourself up, and it feels wonderful. In addition to the scenes (about ten per session) in which the patient gives in to the temptation and vomits, scenes in which the patient is initially tempted and then decides not to eat the food are also included in equal number. An example of such a scene is as follows: You've just finished eating your meal and you decide to have dessert.

Snots and mucous come out of your nose. Your shirt and pants are all full of vomit. The bartender has some on his shirt. You notice people looking at you. You get sick again and you vomit some more and more. You turn away from the beer and immediately you start to feel better. As you run out of the bar room, you start to feel better and better. When you get out into clean fresh air you feel wonderful. You go home and clean yourself up. An important characteristic of the covert sensitization procedure is that its effects are very specific.

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