By Vimla L. Patel PhD, DSc, FRSC (auth.), Vimla L. Patel, David R. Kaufman, Trevor Cohen (eds.)
Enormous advances in details know-how have permeated basically all features of existence some time past twenty years. ambitious demanding situations stay in fostering instruments that improve productiveness yet are delicate to paintings practices. Cognitive Informatics (CI) is the multidisciplinary examine of cognition, details and computational sciences that investigates all features of human computing together with layout and computer-mediated clever motion, therefore is strongly grounded in tools and theories from cognitive technological know-how. As an utilized self-discipline, it has an in depth association with human elements and human-computer interplay, and offers a framework for the research and modeling of complicated human functionality in technology-mediated settings and contributes to the layout and improvement of higher details structures. lately, CI has emerged as a special sector with particular relevance to biomedicine and well-being care. moreover, it has turn into a origin for schooling and coaching of healthiness informaticians, the workplace of the nationwide Coordinator for healthiness info expertise beginning a application together with CI as one in every of its serious parts to help well-being IT curriculum improvement. This ebook represents a primary textbook on cognitive informatics and may specialize in key examples drawn from the applying of tools and theories from CI to demanding situations bearing on the perform of critical-care medication (CCM). expertise is reworking serious care workflows and re-organizing sufferer care administration methods. CCM has confirmed to be a fertile try out mattress for theories and techniques of cognitive informatics. CI, in flip, has contributed a lot to our figuring out of the standards that bring about complexity and sufferer error. the subject is strongly interdisciplinary and may be very important for people from quite a number educational backgrounds, together with serious care experts, psychologists, machine scientists, clinical informaticians, and anthropologists.
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Additional resources for Cognitive Informatics in Health and Biomedicine: Case Studies on Critical Care, Complexity and Errors
Fairfax, Virginia; 2002. p. 43–4. 14. Cohen T, Blatter B, Almeida C, Patel VL. Reevaluating recovery: perceived violations and preemptive interventions on emergency psychiatry rounds. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007; 14(3):312–9. 15. Patel VL, Zhang J, Yoskowitz NA, Green RA, Sayan OR. Translational cognition for decision support in critical care environments: a review. J Biomed Inform. 2008;41(3):413–31. 16. Patel VL, Batwara S, Myneni S, Cohen T, Gilmer A, Patel B, et al. Teamwork and error in critical care: safety in numbers?
The paradoxes of almost totally safe transportation systems. Saf Sci. 2001; 37(2–3):109–26. 10. Rasmussen J. The role of error in organizing behaviour. Ergonomics. 1990;33:377–85. 11. Patel VL, Cohen T, Murarka T, Olsen J, Kagita S, Myneni S, et al. Recovery at the edge of error: debunking the myth of the infallible expert. J Biomed Inform. 2011;44(3):413–24. 12. Razzouk E, Cohen T, Almoosa K, Patel VL. Approaching the limits of knowledge: the influence of priming on error detection in simulated clinical rounds.
For example, it may be possible to monitor for, or reverse the effect of the excessive dose that was administered. In fact, recoveries at this point in the process are more common than one might imagine: the observation of unintended effects on the physiology of a patient has been identified a prominent mechanism of error detection in anesthesiology, where the effects of the administration of a particular drug may be immediately apparent . However, it is clearly desirable to avert adverse events entirely, and so we elected to focus our attention on the important yet neglected issue of error detection in medicine.