Category: Methodology

  • Die Freiheit ist eine Tochter des Wissens by Nico Stehr

    By Nico Stehr

    Der wechselseitige Einfluss von Wissen und Freiheit (und damit Demokratie) in modernen, hochkomplexen Gesellschaften wie auch der Wandel ihrer Beziehungen im Laufe der Moderne ist eines der faszinierendsten Themen unseres Zeitalters. Es handelt sich dabei wohl kaum um eine einmal festgeschriebene, statische Beziehung, sondern um eine historisch-dynamische Relation, die immer von der Entwicklung der Wissensformen und der jeweils relevanten Definition von Freiheit mitbestimmt wurde und wird. Dieses Buch beleuchtet die neuartigen Probleme und Herausforderungen der Demokratie im Angesicht der rapide anwachsenden wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse in gegenwärtigen Gesellschaften und gibt einen Überblick über soziologische Perspektiven von Weber, Dewey und Foucault bis in die Gegenwart.

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  • The daily power game by Mauk Mulder (auth.)

    By Mauk Mulder (auth.)

    Politicians, social scientists, marketers, alternate unionists, church leaders, philosophers, we all in reality have triggered such gigantic obscure­ ness and confusion in regards to the time period 'power' that this may not often be attributed to mere likelihood. it sounds as if, there's loads at stake, each time we predict approximately strength or are concerned, that it can be worthy our whereas to maintain the concept that blurred. this is often so much truly noticeable in social technology. energy, inequality in strength, fight for strength are a type of major movers in social existence, yet strength difficulties have seldom been studied, in comparison to the study performed on different topics, akin to pride approximately own success, conception, psychological procedures, fulfillment motivation, cultural alterations, and so on. strength seems to be lower than a taboo in society and so much social scientists agree to not talk about it (ref. 23, pp. fifty five and 56). no matter what study there was unearths the odd development of proscribing itself to the research of energy modifications and tool struggles as international- or macro-problems. experiences of mondial difficulties have lined rela­ tions among the USA and the Soviet Union, or among wealthy and negative nations. China has additionally been incorporated of past due. The reports on macrostructural difficulties will conceal matters just like the energy of specific teams in the country, akin to retired military generals and politicians operating in a number of sectors of exchange and (ref. 21, pp. eleven and 281), or the variety of representatives of enormous banks at the advisory forums of different businesses (ref. 22).

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  • Concepts of a culturally guided philosophy of science : by Fengli Lan, Friedrich G. Wallner, Andreas Schulz

    By Fengli Lan, Friedrich G. Wallner, Andreas Schulz

    From the start, positive Realism has been a culturally oriented philosophy of technology through the creation of the concept that of lifeworld. This e-book brings jointly contributions from the sector of philosophy, chinese language medication and the technological know-how of psychotherapy. The authors speak about the relation of confident Realism and tradition or particularly the idea that of technology below the point of cultural dependency. because the starting of the recent century the manifold study on chinese language drugs provided concrete examples for a cultural dependency of technology. Thereby, the booklet exhibits the infrequent or maybe certain scenario that philosophy turned concrete
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  • Experimentation in Software Engineering by Claes Wohlin, Per Runeson, Martin Höst, Magnus C. Ohlsson,

    By Claes Wohlin, Per Runeson, Martin Höst, Magnus C. Ohlsson, Björn Regnell, Anders Wesslén

    Like different sciences and engineering disciplines, software program engineering calls for a cycle of version development, experimentation, and studying. Experiments are priceless instruments for all software program engineers who're excited by comparing and selecting among various equipment, strategies, languages and instruments.

    The goal of Experimentation in software program Engineering is to introduce scholars, lecturers, researchers, and practitioners to empirical reports in software program engineering, utilizing managed experiments. The creation to experimentation is equipped via a technique standpoint, and the focal point is at the steps that we have got to head via to accomplish an test. The ebook is split into 3 components. the 1st half presents a history of theories and strategies utilized in experimentation. half II then devotes one bankruptcy to every of the 5 scan steps: scoping, making plans, execution, research, and consequence presentation. half III completes the presentation with examples. Assignments and statistical fabric are supplied in appendixes. total the e-book presents essential information about empirical reports particularly for experiments, but additionally for case reviews, systematic literature stories, and surveys. it's a revision of the authors’ ebook, which used to be released in 2000. moreover, colossal new fabric, e.g. pertaining to systematic literature reports and case learn examine, is brought.

    The ebook is self-contained and it really is compatible as a path ebook in undergraduate or graduate experiences the place the necessity for empirical stories in software program engineering is under pressure. routines and assignments are integrated to mix the extra theoretical fabric with sensible elements. Researchers also will enjoy the publication, studying extra approximately how one can behavior empirical reviews, and also practitioners might use it as a “cookbook” while comparing new equipment or ideas prior to imposing them of their organization.
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  • Modern Regression Techniques Using R: A Practical Guide by Daniel B. Wright

    By Daniel B. Wright

    In a fashion that's refreshingly enticing and readable, Daniel B. Wright and Kamala London describe the main precious of those thoughts and supply step by step directions, utilizing the freeware R, to research datasets that may be positioned at the books’ web site through the SAGE homepage. recommendations lined during this ebook contain multilevel modeling, ANOVA and ANCOVA, direction research, mediation and moderation, logistic regression (generalized linear models), generalized additive types, and powerful tools. those are all verified utilizing more than a few actual examine examples carried out by way of the authors in each bankruptcy.
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  • A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the by Daniela Giannetti, Bernard Grofman

    By Daniela Giannetti, Bernard Grofman

    In the early Nineteen Nineties, significant electoral reforms happened in either Italy and Japan; each one changed a kind of “proportional illustration” (in which electorate solid a poll for a celebration record) with a “mixed member” method (in which citizens solid ballots for person applicants and social gathering lists). The reforms have been enacted by way of political elites within the context of divisions in the dominant celebration, altering styles of occasion aid, and celebration splits, in efforts to keep energy whereas responding to fees of corruption, clientelism, and absence of responsibility. The studies of either nations supply a laboratory during which to enquire the results and implications of the reforms, and, extra largely to investigate voter habit within the context of institutional switch. The advent offers an outline of post-WWII politics and electoral reform in Italy and Japan. In all the next 4 chapters, experts in Italian and eastern electoral politics are teamed as much as assessment information either earlier than and after the reforms. inside this comparative framework, the authors discover such subject matters as alterations in celebration festival, candidate choice mechanisms, and intra-party politics. The concluding bankruptcy considers the longer-term consequences—both expected and unanticipated—of the reforms. regardless of superficially comparable stipulations, the results within the international locations have been dramatically varied: in Japan, the hot method has taken carry, with minor changes, whereas in Italy, there has been a reversion to a proportional illustration method. because the essays during this quantity exhibit, to appreciate why comparable reforms had such varied results within the nations we needs to learn how electoral structures are embedded in broader institutional and social preparations, and look at the complicated interaction of political geography, political background, and the rational calculations of political actors.

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  • Phenomenology and the Social World: The Philosophy of by Laurie Spurling

    By Laurie Spurling

    The time period ‘phenomenology’ has turn into virtually as over-used and emptied of that means as that different observe from Continental Philosophy, specifically ‘existentialism’. but Husserl, who first recommend the phenomenological strategy, thought of it a rigorous replacement to positivism, and within the fingers of Merleau-Ponty, a disciple of Husserl in France, phenomenology grew to become a fashion of gaining a disciplined and coherent point of view at the international within which we live.

    When this research initially released in 1977 there have been just a couple of books in English on Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy. It brought the reader and steered how his inspiration may well throw gentle on a number of the assumptions and presuppositions of convinced modern kinds of Anglo-Saxon philosophy and social technological know-how. It additionally demonstrates how phenomenology seeks to unite philosophy and social technology, instead of outline them as at the same time unique domain names of data.

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  • Gespräche analysieren: Eine Einführung by Arnulf Deppermann

    By Arnulf Deppermann

    Konversationsanalyse, interaktionale Linguistik, ethnographische Gesprächsanalyse und Kontextualisierungstheorie sind die Grundlagen dieser Einführung in die empirische Methodik der Gesprächsanalyse. Der textual content diskutiert zunächst unterschiedliche Typen gesprächsanalytischer Fragestellungen und ihren Zusammenhang mit den Methoden der Datenerhebung und -analyse. Er behandelt die ethnographische Datenerhebung im Feld und führt in die Transkription nach dem gesprächsanalytischen Transkriptionssystem GAT ein. Den Kern des Textes bildet die Darstellung der detaillierten Sequenzanalyse einzelner Datenausschnitte. Darauf aufbauend werden Strategien zur fallübergreifenden Kollektionsbildung und zur Validierung der Analysen diskutiert. Der textual content eignet sich zur schrittweisen systematischen Einführung in den gesprächsanalytischen Forschungsprozess. Er richtet sich an Studierende und ForscherInnen, die bereits über Vorkenntnisse im Bereich der Konversationsanalyse verfügen.
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