A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea by Terry L. Erwin

By Terry L. Erwin

A synthesis of the category, distributions, and methods of lifetime of the ground-beetles (Coleoptera: Caraboidea) residing within the Western Hemisphere. below each one taxon account, the old nomenclature, distribution on the state and/or state/province point, and lifestyle, together with Macrohabitat, Microhabitat, Dispersal talents, Seasonal incidence, and behaviour are elaborated. chosen references for every taxon are given in those different types and an intensive, approximately whole bibliography of Caraboidea references for the Western Hemisphere is gifted. The sections on lifestyle comprise the subsequent: Macrohabitat precis, altitudinal distribution in meters, in addition to a basic altitudinal type, habitat/microhabitat information, seasonality, and below habit notes on diel job, adult/larval hibernation, prey goods, immatures, over wintering, and different notes on habit are provided. information of dispersal strength, or the aptitude of dispersal, i.e. wing , flight info, jogging, working, burrowing and mountain climbing files, so far as is understood is incorporated. Species brought are famous with their possible region of starting place. This paintings, deliberate as a seven quantity spouse to Larochelle & Lariviere (2003), can be an essential instrument for anyone drawn to ground-beetles in keeping with se and their normal heritage, in addition to their function within the setting and value to agriculture, conservation, and forestry. nationwide, nearby, and native libraries will locate this set of instruments good used as a result impressive quantity of knowledge that's summarized at those geographical degrees. This paintings follows the category of Erwin (1984), and the nomenclature of Lorenz (2005), as up to date on a six month cycle through Erwin (e-data base, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution).

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Extra resources for A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica)

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Larochelle & Larivière (2003), Lindroth (1961) Nebria (Catonebria) trifaria pasquineli Kavanaugh 1984 PASQUINEL’S GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria trifaria pasquineli Kavanaugh, 1984:165 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – CO, WY. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Mountains, 2290 – 3960 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Near streams and lakes. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in May – September. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day.

SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in June – September. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day under branches, stones, or other debris on the forest floor. ) Nebria (Catonebria) piute sevieri Kavanaugh 1984 SEVIER PLATEAU GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria piute sevieri Kavanaugh, 1984:164 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – UT. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Mountains, 2440 – 3440 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Wet ground in forest and along edges of mountain streams under stones.

MICROHABITAT: Wet ground. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Macropterous, probably capable of flight. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in July and September. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003) Nebria (Boreonebria) lacustris bellorum Kavanaugh 1979 BELLS’ GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria lacustris bellorum Kavanaugh, 1979:95 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – NC, TN. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Midlands to uplands, 520 – 1520 meters altitude.

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